Broadband Business Model
Elevate Fiber is a wholly owned, for-profit subsidiary of DMEA. DMEA owns and operates the fiber network including the customer drops. It uses the network to read meters and operate member load control programs, among other functions. Elevate leases the fiber assets from its parent and owns the electronics that enable its service offerings to member subscribers. The subsidiary currently has 15 dedicated employees including network engineers, installers and personnel working on outside plant. Many back-office functions, such as CSRs handling calls, human resources, GIS, finance and accounting, are treated as shared services with the same departments handling the needs of both electric members and broadband subscribers. As Bronec sees it, shared services are a good way to spread the fixed costs of department operations over more accounts, thereby gaining administrative efficiencies and lowering average unit cost. Elevate’s current focus is its electric membership area but this is not a hard-and-fast rule. Bronec sees potential market opportunities beyond his boarders down the road, noting that DMEA has a regional strategy in mind to bring financial benefits back to its electric members.
Elevate’s current broadband service offerings include Internet access speeds of 100 Mbps (megabits per second) or 1 Gbps (gigibit per second) and Voice over IP (VoIP) service for both residential and business customers. Elevate also plans to be the first broadband service provider in the area to offer an app-based streaming video service using the MOBITV platform which has a look and feel similar to that of traditional cable TV. Local broadcast TV channels will be included in the channel bundle.
DMEA’s broadband network is 100% fiber-to-the premises (FTTP) utilizing a GPON (Gigabit Passive Optical Network) architecture with 1 to 32 splits for residential connections and 1 to 16 splits for commercial businesses. In this type of network, optical splitters play a key role by allowing a single PON interface to be shared among many subscribers. By using a lower splitting ratio for businesses, access speeds are enhanced.
Regulatory and Tax Issues
Easement issues were an important hurdle Elevate Fiber needed to surmount to operate widely throughout DMEA’s electric service territory. The cooperative asked the state of Colorado to ease access limitations on existing fiber in the region. Moreover, DMEA had to gain approval to use its existing fiber network—installed for electrical reasons—for commercial purposes, e.g., offering broadband services to the community. Much of DMEA’s original fiber ring was also laid in county easements. Bronec refers to this process as “perfecting the easements.” Bronec also says that his co-op has been careful to insure compliance with all applicable Federal Communications Commission (FCC) requirements as it began to consider offering telephone service. There are no tax implications in the short term, according to Bronec, so long as the co-op is careful to handle significant dollar grants in a way that does not threaten the co-op’s tax-exempt status. However, he expects that his new subsidiary will become a taxable entity in 10 to 15 years as profitability improves.
According to DMEA, options for high-speed Internet service were extremely limited in its membership area at the time of Elevate Fiber’s entry into the market in mid-2016, as well as today. Charter Spectrum (cable, download speeds up to 100 Mbps), CenturyLink (DSL, Fiber up to 40 Mbps download) and Viasat (satellite, up to 25Mbps download) all have a footprint in the local market area. In early 2018 TDS Telecom (TDS®) began extending its broadband network in portions of Delta and Gunnison counties with construction expected to be completed in the fall of 2018. Several small cable companies also operate locally. The area was, however, seriously underserved. In the city of Montrose, only 15% of households have access to Internet speeds faster than 25 Mbps, compared to 82% of Colorado as a whole. Download speeds of 1 Gbps were unheard of. Elevate is actively soliciting pre-registrations in the Montrose area. Nine Montrose zones have reached threshold pre-registration levels at which construction can begin. Some zones are already actively in service. As reported in other case studies in NRECA’s broadband series, one or more local competitors has responded to the planned entry of co-op-affiliated broadband service provider by bundling services and launching a “price war” in which subscribers are incentivized to enter into three- to five-year contracts by a deep discount for the first year price.
Competition for grant funding is a significant issue in Elevate’s competitive business environment. Colorado’s governor signed a law in early 2018 creating further subsidies to encourage broadband investment in rural areas by redirecting funds that previously subsidized rural telephone service to the broader category of entities providing high-speed broadband. Earlier, Colorado’s Broadband Fund had been created to connect communities and drive economic growth in unserved areas across the state. $11.5 million in grants have been awarded to seventeen projects statewide since 2016. DMEA is a grant recipient. These state grant sources complement the FCC’s Connect America Fund which also supports deployment of high-speed Internet access in rural areas.
DMEA’s Bronec has reflected deeply on what worked well, and not so well, in his initial rollout of Elevate’s fiber network and the response by his members. He shares several key insights:
- · Branding and marketing are essential to initial success in lining up subscribers. These are not necessarily core competencies at electric utilities.
- · Use of a web-based platform to generate grassroots interest in pre-defined zones is also key. He praises CrowdFiber, the geomarketing and sales automation platform DMEA relied upon for its effectiveness.
- · Collaboration with local and regional government entities and economic development authorities is fruitful but can be time-consuming. A great deal of time can be spent negotiating easements as well as franchise agreements with cities and towns for video services.
Why is this Case Important?
Economic development is always a key interest of electric cooperatives. Indeed, concern for the community is one of the cooperative principles. These days, high-speed Internet access is widely viewed as a critical infrastructure element enabling economic growth. DMEA recognized that building a fiber broadband network would bring economic opportunities and quality of life necessities like telemedicine and distance learning to the sparsely populated Western Slope of Colorado. The approach it adopted—deploying fiber according to demonstrated community needs through pre-registration—reduces investment uncertainty. And if CEO Bronec is right, the move into broadband services will also help DMEA gain administrative efficiencies and yield economic benefits for co-op members. It seems the DMEA way is a win-win for the community at large and cooperative members.
For additional information, contact:
CEO, DMEA and President, Elevate Fiber
Delta-Montrose Electric Association
Senior Director, Cooperative Systems
Business and Technology Strategies
About the Author
This case was researched and written by Eric Cody, Cody Energy Group: CodyEnergyGroup@gmail.com
Including Delta County Economic Development, the Economic Development Administration, Region 10 League for Economic Assistance and Planning, DMEA, Delta County and area municipalities.
Pat Sunderland, “Elevate to take broadband ‘across the finish line’ in Delta,” Delta County Independent, January 25, 2018.
John Vanwig, “Co-op Tech: Stop, Thief! Turning AMI data into power theft detection,” RE Magazine, May 4, 2018.
The City of Delta is not served by DMEA; however, Elevate provides fiber connections to some businesses in the city.
See join.elevatefiber.com to see how interest is registered.
Earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) is a widely accepted measure of a business’s operating performance.
For service options and prices see: http://www.dmea.com/content/elevate-fiber